Abdullah Ibn Umar

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Abdullah Ibn Umar

At Shaykhan, halfway between Madinah and Uhud, the thousand strong Muslim army led by the
Prophet stopped. The sun had begun to sink beneath the horizon. The Prophet dismounted from his
horse Sakb. He was fully dressed for battle. A turban was wound about his helmet. He wore a
breastplate beneath which was a coat of mail which was fastened with a leather sword belt. A shield was
slung across his back and his sword hung from his side.

As the sun set, Bilal called the adhan and they prayed. The Prophet then reviewed his troops once more
and it was then that he noticed in their midst the presence of eight boys who despite their age were
hoping to take part in the battle. Among them were Zayd’s son Usamah and Umar’s son Abdullah, both
only thirteen years old. The Prophet ordered them all to return home immediately. Two of the boys
however demonstrated that they were able fighters and were allowed to accompany the army to the
Battle of Uhu d while the others were sent back to their families.

From an early age, Abdullah ibn Umar thus demonstrated his keenness to be associated with the Prophet
in all his undertakings. He had accepted Islam before he was ten years old and had made the Hijrah with
his father and his sister, Hafsah, who was later to become a wife of the Prophet. Before Uhud he was
also turned away from the Battle of Badr and it was not until the Battle of the Ditch the he and Usamah,
both now fifteen years old and others of their age were allowed to join the ranks of the men not only for
the digging of the trench but for the battle when it came.

From the time of his hijrah till the time of his death more than seventy years later, Abdullah ibn Umar
distinguished himself in the service of Islam and was regarded among Muslims as “the Good One, son
of the Good One”, according to Abu Musa al-Ashari. H e was known for his knowledge, his humility,
his generosity, his piety, his truthfulness, his incorruptibility and his constancy in acts of ibadah.

From his great and illustrious father, Umar, he learnt a great deal and both he and his father had the
benefit of learning from the greatest teacher of all, Muhammad the Messenger of God. Abdullah would
observe and scrutinize closely every saying and act ion of the Prophet in various situations and he would
practise what he observed closely and with devotion. For example, if Abdullah saw the Prophet
performing Salat in a particular place, he would later pray in the same place. If he saw the Prophet
makin g a supplication while standing, he would also make a dua while standing. If he saw him making
a dua while sitting, he would do the same.

On a journey, if he saw the Prophet descend from his camel at a particular place and pray two rakats, and                                                       he had occasion to pass on the same route, he would stop at the same place and pray two rakats.                                                                    In a particular place in Makkah, he once observed the Prophet’s camel making two complete turns before he                                    dismounted and prayed two rakats. It might be that the camel did that involuntarily but Abdullah ibn Umar                                                 when he happened to be in the same place at another time, made his camel complete two turns before making it                                          kneel and dismounting. He then prayed two rakats in precisely the same manner as he had seen the Prophet do.

Aishah, may God be pleased with her, noticed this devotion of Abdullah to the Prophet and remarked:
“There was no one who followed the footsteps of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace,
in the places where he alighted as did Ibn Umar.”
In spite of his close observance of the Prophet’s actions, Abdullah was extremely cautious, even afraid,
of reporting the sayings of the Prophet. He would only relate a hadith if he was completely sure that he
remembered every word of it. One of his contemporaries said:
“Among the companions of the Prophet, no one was more cautious about adding to or subtracting from
the hadith of the Prophet than Abdullah ibn Umar.”

Similarly, he was extremely cautious and reluctant to make legal judgments (fatwas).’ Once someone
came to him asking for a judgment on a particular matter and Abdullah ibn Umar replied: “I have no
knowledge of what you ask.” The man went on his way and Abdullah clapped his hands in glee and said
to himself: “The son of Umar was asked about what he does not know and he said: I do not know.”
Because of this attitude, he was reluctant to be a qadi even though he was well qualified to be one. The
position of qadi was one of the most important and esteemed offices in the Muslim society and state
bringing with it honor, glory and even riches but h e declined this position when it was offered him by
the Khalifah Uthman. His reason for so doing was not that he underestimated the importance of the
position of qadi but because of his fear of committing errors of judgment in matters pertaining to Islam.
Uthman made him agree not to disclose his decision lest it might influence the many other companions
of the Prophet who actually performed the duties of judges and jurisconsults.

Abdullah ibn Umar was once described as the “brother of the night.” He would stay up at night
performing Salat, weeping and seeking God’s forgiveness and reading Quran. To his sister, Hafsah, the
Prophet once said: “What a blessed man is Abdullah. Should he perform Salat at night he would be
blessed even more.”
From that day, Abdullah did not abandon aiyam alLayl whether at home or on journeys. In the stillness
of the nights, he would remember God much, perform Salat and read the Quran and weep. Like his
father, tears came readily to his eyes especially when he heard the warning verses of the Quran.

Ubayd ibn Umayr has related that one day he read these verses to Abdullah ibn Umar:
“How then (will the sinners fare on Judgment Day) when We shall bring forward witnesses from within
every community and bring you (O Prophet) as witness against them? Those who were bent on denying
the truth and paid no heed to the Apostle will on that Day wish that the earth would swallow them but
they shall not (be able to) conceal from God anything that has happened.” (Surah an-Nisa, 4:41-42).

Abdullah cried on listening to these verses until his beard was moist with tears. One day, he was sitting
among some close friends and he read: “Woe unto those who give short measure, those who, when they
are to receive their due from people, demand that it be given in full but when they have to measure or
weigh whatever they owe to others, give less than what is due. Do they not know that they are bound to
be raised from the dead (and called to account) on an awesome Day, the Day when all men shall stand
before the Sustainer of all the worlds?” (The Quran, Surah al Mutaffifin, 83: 1-6). At this point, he kept
on repeating “the Day when all men shall stand before the Sustainer of all the worlds” over and over
again and weeping until he was faint.

Piety, simplicity and generosity combined in Abdullah to make him a person who was highly esteemed
by the companions and those who came after them. He gave generously and did not mind parting with
wealth even if he himself would fall in want as a result. He was a successful and trustworthy trader
throughout his life. In addition to this he had a generous stipend from the Bayt al-Mal which he would
often spend on the poor and those in need. Ayyub ibn Wail ar-Rasi recounted one incident of his
generosity:< P> One day Umar received four thousand dirhams and a velvet blanket. The following day
Ayyub saw him in the suq buying fodder for his camel on credit.

Ayyub then went to Abdullah’s family and asked:
“Didn’t Abu Abdur-Rahman (meaning Abdullah ibn Umar) get four thousand dirhams and a blanket
yesterday?” “Yes, indeed,” they replied.
“But I saw him today in the suq buying fodder for his camel and he had no money to pay for it.” “Before
nightfall yesterday. he had parted with it all. Then he took the blanket and threw it over his shoulder and
went out. When he returned it was not with him. We asked him about it and he said that he had given it
to a poor person,” they explained.

Abdullah ibn Umar encouraged the feeding and the helping of the poor and the needy. Often when he
ate, there were orphans and poor people eating with him. He rebuked his children for treating the rich
and ignoring the poor. He once said to them: “You invi te the rich and forsake the poor.”

For Abdullah, wealth was a servant not a master. It was a means towards attaining the necessities of life,
not for acquiring luxuries. He was helped in this attitude by his asceticism and simple life-style. One of
his friends who came from Khurasan once brought him a fine elegant piece of clothing:
“I have brought this thawb for you from Khurasan,” he said. “It would certainly bring coolness to your
eyes. I suggest that you take off these coarse clothes you have and put on this beautiful thawb.”
“Show it to me then,” said Abdullah and on touching it he asked: “Is it silk?” “No, it is cotton,” replied
his friend.

For a little while, Abdullah was pleased. Then with his right hand, he pushed away the thawb and said:
“No! I am afraid for myself. I fear that it shall make arrogant and boastful. And God does not love the
arrogant boaster.”

Maymun ibn Mahran relates the following: “I entered the house of Ibn Umar. I estimated everything in
his house including his bed, his blanket, his carpet and everything else in it. What I found was not a
hundred dirhams’ worth.”

That was not because Abdullah ibn Umar was poor. Indeed he was rich. Neither was it because he was a
miser for indeed he was generous and liberal.