After the Holy Prophet Muhammad [s] had been appointed to his mission of Prophethood and commanded to propagate the Message of Allah, the first duty enjoined on him after the doctrine of Tawhid, the Oneness of Godhood, was to purify himself.
“…And purify yourself.” (74 : 4)
This Qur’anic injunction was meant to impress that he should purify his heart and soul of all impurities of belief and creed and his dress and body of all kinds of filth, defilement and uncleanliness unsavoury to good taste as well as to the Shari’ah, the Sacred Law. The Qur’an has time and again impressed the great importance of personal purification, so much so that it declares:
“…Allah loves those who love to keep themselves pure.” (9: 108)
“Most surely Allah loves those people who refrain from evil and keep themselves pure and clean.” (2 : 222)
The Holy Prophet [s] has presented, by his personal example, the highest sense and level of purification and fine taste. He has impressed its great importance over and over again on the Muslim community as well. He is reported to have said:
“Cleanliness is one half of Faith.”
He has enjoined cleanliness and given detailed instructions about the ways of achieving it, and demonstrated practically how to keep oneself neat and clean at all times.