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Basic Steps in Performing The Hajj

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There are eleven basic steps in performing the Hajj. They are as follows:

1) Wearing the Ihram, the simple pieces of white cloth, before entering the area around Makkah (the Miqat).

2) Circling the Ka’bah seven times. This is called Tawaf.

3) Walking briskly between the two hills of Safa and Marwah. This is called Sa‘iy.

4) Spending the day on the plains of Arafat just outside the city of Makkah. This is called Wuquf.

5) Staying the night in a place nearby called Muzdalifah.

6) Thereafter moving to a small town called Mina. This is called Mabit.

7) Stoning the three pillars representing shaytan. This is called Ramy.

8) Sacrificing an animal. This is called Dhabh.

9) Shaving or shortening the hair of the head. This is called HaIq or Taqsir.

10) Circling the Ka’bah seven times again. This is called TawafuzZiyarah.

11) Circling the Ka’bah seven times, once more. This is called Tawaful-Wada’

You will be taught about the significance and the method of performing these rites in greater detail in grade five.
Muslims may visit Makkah at any other time of the year for a shorter pilgrimage called ‘Umrah.

There is great blessing and reward in performing the ‘Umrah too.
The blessed Prophet Muhammad [s] said, “Indeed the best of deeds is a righteous and accepted Hajj or a righteous and accepted Umrah.”
In another saying he [s] said, “The person who leaves his home with the intention of performing Hajj or ‘Umrah and dies on the way, will enter Jannah without having to account for any deed whatsoever.”
He continued, saying, “The people who come to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah are the guests of Allah, and He grants them whatever they ask for.”
The Messenger of Allah [s] also said, “Follow up the Hajj or the Umrah with another, for they indeed remove poverty and sin in the same manner that fire cleans away the rust and dirt in Iron, gold and silver.”

There are only four basic steps in performing the ‘Umrah. They are as follows:

1) Wearing the Ihram, the simple pieces of white cloth, before entering the area around Makkah (the Miqat).

2) Circling the Ka’bah seven times. This is called Tawaf.

3) Walking briskly between the two hills of Safa and Marwah. This is called Sa‘iy.

4) Shaving or shortening the hair of the head. This is called HaIq or Taqsir