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CONDITIONS OF SALAAH

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CONDITIONS OF SALAAH
There are seven necessary preconditions before Salaah can be performed. They are as follows:

1) Cleanliness of the Body
2) Cleanliness of the Clothes
3) Cleanliness of the Place
4) Covering of the Body
5) Facing the Qiblah.
6) Correct Salaah Time
7) Correct Niyyah (Intention)

CLEANLINESS OF THE BODY

The body must be clean of all impurities like faeces, urine, blood, saliva of dogs, wine, etc.
The body must be washed by performing Wuduu’ (ritual washing), or Ghusl (full body wash) if necessary.

CLEANLINESS OF THE CLOTHES

The clothes must be clean of all impurities like faeces, urine, blood, saliva of dogs, wine, etc.

CLEANLINESS OF THE PLACE

Salaah must be performed in a clean place, free of all impurities.
Salaah may be performed on any clean surface including rugs, carpets, tiles, concrete, sand, rock, grass, hay, etc.

COVERING OF THE BODY

Men must cover themselves from the navel to the knee at least.
Women have to cover the entire body, although their feet, hands, and faces may remain uncovered.
The clothes of both men and women must not be tight fitting or see-through.

It is Sunnah for men to cover as much of the body as possible.
The head should be covered with a prayer hat (also called a Qafiyyah, Qalansuwah, Topii, etc.) or a turban (‘Amaamah).
Men should cover their arms too.
The clothing must not have pictures of living objects on them.
The clothing must not be made of pig skin or untanned (ie. untreated) animal skin.

FACING THE QIBLAH

The Qiblah (ie. direction of the Ka’bah in Makkah) must be faced when performing Salaah.
A person performing Salaah in the Masjid alHaraam in Makkah will face the Ka’bah itself from any direction he chooses.

CORRECT SALAAH TIME

Each Salaah must be performed within the correct time period. The time periods of Salaah are as follows:

1) Fajr – from when dawn twilight appears until just before sunrise.
This period lasts for about one hour and thirty minutes before sunrise.

2) Zhuhr – from just after midday until late afternoon (when the shadow of an object is twice its original length).
This period varies from season to season.

3) ‘Asr – from late afternoon (when the shadow of an object is twice its original length) until just before sunset.
This period lasts for about one hour and thirty minutes before sunset.

4) Maghrib – from just after sunset to when the dusk twilight on the horizon disappears.
This period lasts for about one hour and thirty minutes after sunset.

5) ‘Ishaa’ – from after the dusk twilight on the horizon disappears to when dawn twilight appears the next morning.
This period varies from season to season.

It is haraam (impermissable) to perform Salaah when:

a] the sun is rising
b] the sun is at its zenith (midday)
c] the sun is setting It is makruuh (disliked) to perform ‘Asr Salaah just before sunset.

It is also makruuh (disliked) to perform ‘Ishaa’ Salaah after midnight.

CORRECT NIYYAH (INTENTION)

The niyyah (intention) must be made before commencing Salaah.
It is necessary to state the name of the Salaah being performed, and the number and type of raka’aat. For example:

“O Allah! I intend performing 2 Fard raka’aat of Salaat al-Fajr to gain your pleasure and reward.”

(NB: Details regarding the number & type of raka’aat will follow.)
Do not delay the Salaah once the niyyah has been made.
The niyyah can be made in any language. The niyyah can be made mentally or recited softly.