Calling Adhan in Arabic:
Adhan means to call or to inform.
Adhan is the Islamic way of calling people to salah.
The Adhan is also a way of praising Allah and inviting people to Islam.
The person who calls out the Adhan is called a Mu’adhdhin.
There is a great reward promised to those who call out the Adhan.
The Mu’adh dhin calls people to offer salah in Jama‘ah, in congregation, together in the masjid.
A Mu’adhdhin should have a loud, clear and melodious voice.
The first Mu’adh dhin was Bilal bin Rabah [r].
Bilal [r] was an African slave who was freed by Abu Bakr [r], the closest Companion of the Holy Prophet Muhammad [s].
Bilal [r] was one of the very first people to accept Islam and one of the closest Companions of the Prophet [s].
The Adhan should be called from a place where it can be heard by a large number of people.
Many masajid have tall minarats, tall towers, for calling the Adhan.
Many masajid use loud speakers as well to call the Adhan.
People sometimes use Adhan clocks to remind them of the correct time for salah .
Many Islamic organisations publish charts of the times of salah too.
When we hear the Adhan we should go to the masjid in our neighborhood.
If there are no masajid in our neighborhood then we must call out the Adhan punctually at home.
Muslim men must offer their salah in jama‘ah, in the masjid.
The reward for salah offered in jama‘ah is twenty-seven times more than the salah offered alone at home.
A woman though gets the same reward for offering her salah at home.
The Adhan must be called for each salah to invite people to prayer.
The Mu’adh dhin stands up facing the Qiblah, the direction of Makkah, places his fingers in his ears and calls the Adhan.
By placing the fingers in the ears the voice is made louder.
When we hear the Adhan we must stop talking immediately and listen to the Adhan attentively.
The following is the Adhan.
Learn it well:
Allahu Akbar (four times)
Say Allahu Akbar (four times) following the mu’adhin
This means: Allah is the Greatest. (recited four times)
Transliteration: Ashhadu alla ilaha illallah (twice)
say Ashhadu alla ilaha illallah fallowing after the mu’adhin
This means: I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. (Recited twice)
Transliteration: Ashhadu anna Muhammadar Rasulullah (twice) say Ashhadu anna Muhammadar Rasulullah (twice) fallowing the mu’adhin
This means: I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. (Recited twice)
Transliteration: Hayya ‘alas-Salah (twice) Say: La hawla wala quwwata illaa billah (twice)
This means: Come to Prayer. (Recited twice)
Transliteration: Hayya ‘alal-Falah (twice) Say: La hawla wala quwwata illaa billah (twice)
This means: Come to success.(Recited twice)
Transliteration: Allahu Akbar (twice) say Allahu Akbar (twice) fallowing the muadhin
This means: Allah is the Greatest.(Recited twice)
Transliteration: La ilaha illallah (once)
This means: There is none worthy of worship except Allah.
In the ‘Adhan called for the Fajr salah a few extra words are added after
Transliteration: Assalatu khairum-minan-naum (twice)
This means: Prayer is better than sleep.(Recited twice)