When intending to do Tilawah (recitation) of the Holy Qur’an, the following rules and etiquette should be observed.
1) Perform wudu’ carefully, using a miswak (tooth stick) if possible.
2) Sit in a clean, tidy area.
3) Face the Qiblah (the direction of the Ka’bah).
4) Sit in a dignified and respectful posture.
5) Hold the Qur’an above thewaistline.
6) Recite Salawat and Salam (Prayers and Salutations) upon the holy Prophet Muhammad [s].
7) Make your intention for recital that of seeking Allah’s pleasure alone and not any worldly gain.
8) Recite Ta’awwuz and Tasmiyah.
9) Recite the Qur’an in a sweet and melodious voice but not in such a manner as may resemble singing. However remember the blessed Prophet [s] also said, “The person whose recitation and voice is most beautiful is the one who, when you hear him recite, you feel that he fears Allah.”
10) Do not read in a manner that disturbs others.
11) Sometimes read alone, and some times in a group (like with the rest of the family).
12) Honour every word of the Qur’an that you recite and believe firmly that you will be rewarded for reciting every letter of the Holy Book.
13) Recite every word with concentration and understanding (if you know Arabic) – the reward will be much greater.
14) Recite at a moderate pace and do not rush through the recitation. It is makruh (a detestable act) to rush through the pages of the Qur’an. ‘A’ishah [r], the wife of the Prophet [s], once heard a man babbling over the Qur’an and said, “He has neither read the Qur’an, nor kept silent.”
15) Recite the Qur’an with tajwid (correct pronunciation). To do so is wajib (necessary).
16) When the Qur’an is being recited, you should listen to it attentively. It is Haram (impermissable and a grave sin) to engage in any other activity if the Qur’an is being recited in your presence.
17) It is permissible to recite the Qur’an from memory without wudu’. However, it is not permissible to touch the Qur’an without wudu’.
18) A Muslim should try to recite the Qur’an daily, preferably early in the morning.
19) Say, “Sadaqa-llahu-l-‘azim (Allah, Almighty, has declared the truth),” at the end of the recitation, and close with a du’a’ (supplication) that Allah may accept it from you.
20) When putting the Qur’an away always place it in a clean, elevated area.
21) Never place the Qur’an on the floor.
The Qur’an is one of the great sacred symbols of Allah and, as such, must be shown the greatest respect.
We show respect to the Qur’an by observing these correct etiquette when reciting it.
Allah will indeed give respect and success, in this world and the hereafter, to those who show respect to the Holy Qur’an.
Allah will disgrace and cause failure to those who show no respect to His sacred book.