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Surah al mutaffifin (Default in Duty) Tafsir 

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Surah al mutaffifin (Default in Duty) Tafsir

The Defrauding
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Woe to those who give less
Destruction and punishment is for those who defraud people by not measuring things properly and weighing them when selling.
Who, when they take a measure from people, take in full
When it is them buying, they make sure everything is measured and weighed accurately.
But if they give by measure or by weight to them, they cause loss
But when they are the ones selling, they cheat people by weighing less than what they should.
Do they not think that they will be resurrected
Do these people not think that Allah will resurrect them and hold them to account for their actions?
For a tremendous Day
On a Day full of great terror , fear and punishment.
The Day when mankind will stand before the Lord of the worlds?
On that Day, all people will stand before Allah who will ask them about every big and small action.
No! Indeed, the record of the wicked is in sijjin
Those who did evil deeds have their actions recorded in extreme tightness and narrowness.
How can you understand what this tightness will be like?
And what can make you know what is sijjin?
It is a register inscribed
It is an enclosed and permanent prison of punishment, just as it was decreed they would enter.
Woe, that Day, to the deniers
Destruction and punishment awaits those who deny.
Who deny the Day of Recompense
Those who deny Allah and the Day of Judgement.
And none deny it except every sinful transgressor
Only those who are sinful, oppressive and transgress deny it.
When Our verses are recited to him, he says, “Legends of the former peoples.”
When they hear the Qur’an they say that these are old stories and fables.
No! Rather, the stain has covered their hearts of that which they were earning
It is not as they claim. It is the speech of Allah, but their sins and oppression have covered their hearts from the truth.
No! Indeed, from their Lord, that Day, they will be partitioned
It is not as they claim. On the Day of Judgement there will be a barrier between them and Allah so they cannot see Him.
Then indeed, they will burn in Hellfire
Instead they will go to the Fire and burn therein.
Then it will be said, “This is what you used to deny.”
They will be told that the Fire is their punishment for all that they denied.
No! Indeed, the record of the righteous is in ‘illiyyin
The righteous will have their book of deeds in the highest ranks of Paradise.
And what can make you know what is ‘illiyyun                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    What will make you know what those high ranks are?
It is a register inscribed
It is a permanent place of blessing, just as it was decreed they would enter.
Which is witnessed by those brought near
The angels and those close to Allah will see them.
Indeed, the righteous will be in pleasure
The people of truth and obedience will enjoy the rewards of Paradise.
On adorned couches, observing
They will be on couches, comfortably looking at their Lord and their rewards.
You will recognise in their faces the radiance of pleasure
You can see the happiness and joy in their faces.
They will be given to drink wine sealed
They will drink from pure, untouched wine which does not intoxicate.
The last of it is musk. So for this let the competitors compete
Its scent will be of musk. It is for this we should compete with others and race.
And its mixture is of Tasnim
Their drink will be mixed with the drink of a spring called Tasnim from the heights of
Paradise.
A spring from which those near drink
It is for those who are closest to Allah, in the highest ranks.
Indeed, those who committed crimes used to laugh at those who believed
In this life, those who disbelieved used to laugh at and make fun of the believers.
And when they passed by them, they would exchange derisive glances
When the believers passed by them, they would look at each other in ways showing their hatred of the believers.
And whey they returned to their people, they would return jesting
And upon going back to their families, they would share their mocking with them too.
And when they saw them, they would say, “Indeed, those are truly lost.
When they would see the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his Companions, they would say these are the misguided who have followed their leader in misguidance.
But they had not been sent as guardians over them
Yet these people do not and cannot see what is in the hearts of the Companions.
So today those who believed are laughing at the disbelievers
On the Day of Judgement, the believers will laugh at the disbelievers.
On adorned couches, observing
They will do so reclining on their couches, watching the blessings of Allah.
Have the disbelievers been rewarded for what they used to do?
On that Day, the disbelievers will be punished for what they used to do.

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