The essence of faith is Ma’rifah, (realization or discovery of Allah). When a man consciously seeks out and finds Allah, and thereby has access to divine realities, that is what constitutes faith. This discovery is no simple matter. Allah is the Creator and Master of all things. He will award or punish all, according to their deeds; none is free from his grip. The discovery of such an Allah permeates to the very core of the being of man. His thinking is revolutionized, for Allah becomes the centre of all His thoughts and emotions.
With Allah as the principal focus of his attention, man becomes Allah’s servant in the fullest sense of the word. He becomes a man whose living and dying is all for Allah. Such a faith ultimately results in all of man’s behaviour and his dealings taking on the hue of Allah.
When the believer speaks, he is conscious of the fact that Allah is listening to him. When he walks, he does so with modesty so that his gait may not be displeasing to Allah. When he deals with people, he is always worried lest he deals unjustly and be punished by Allah in the next life.
The impact of this degree of faith makes the entire life of man Akhirah (Hereafter)-oriented. In all matters his eyes are focused on the Hereafter. Instead of immediate gain he makes gain in the next life his goal. Whenever there are two aspects of any matter, one pertaining to this world and the other to the next world, he always prefers the latter.
Faith, another name for the recognition of the Supreme Being, Allah, becomes for the believer a fountainhead of limitless confidence in his Creator. When this recognition takes root in an individual’s heart and soul, his whole personality becomes regenerated. Knowing that in all circumstances he may depend upon Allah, he becomes a dynamic individual.